A Study of Integrations and Alliances among Nonprofit Social Service and Cultural Organizations in the United States
Amelia Kohm, David La Piana, Heather Gowdy2000
The nonprofit landscape is changing. Due to a variety of forces, many nonprofit organizations are looking at new ways to manage and finance their programs, including an approach called "strategic restructuring." Strategic restructuring occurs when two or more independent organizations establish an ongoing relationship to increase their administrative efficiency and/or further their programmatic mission through shared, transferred, or combined services, resources, or programs. Strategic restructuring ranges from jointly managed programs and consolidated administrative functions to full-scale mergers. The need among nonprofits for information in this area is great. Only a small amount of research has focused on nonprofit mergers and virtually none on other types of consolidations and integrations. To learn more about strategic restructuring, Chapin Hall and Strategic Solutions, a project of La Piana Associates, Inc., conducted Phase I of a two-part study on these types of partnerships. The research team surveyed 192 nonprofit social services and cultural organizations that volunteered to share their strategic restructuring experiences. The discussion paper includes a literature review, description of the research methodology, findings from the Phase I survey, profiles of organizations involved in various types of strategic restructuring partnerships, and an overview of plans for Phase II of the study.